Slide 1

Stress of College

Coping

Herschell, et al., 1995

Sample Description

How did they cope?

Ways of Coping

8 WAYS Scales

Confrontive Coping

Distancing

Self-Controlling

Seeking Social Support

Accepting Responsibility

Escape-Avoidance

Planful Problem Solving

Positive Reappraisal

Coping Profiles- WAYS

Constructive Thinking Inventory

6 CTI scales

Emotional Coping

Behavioral Coping

Categorical Thinking

Esoteric Thinking

Personal Superstitious Thinking

Nave Optimism

Coping Profile CTI

Other Measures

Study I- Midterm of First Semester

Original Hypothesis

Results- Global CTI

Results- Scales

Implications for Early Coping

Study II- End of First Semester

Results- Scales

Does Coping Reduce Stress?

Study III- Alcohol and Juniors

Study III Sample

Measures

Coping as a Predictor of Stress

Predictors of Alcohol Use

Predictors of Coping with Alcohol- Men

Predictors of Drinking to Cope- Women

Predictors of Problem Drinking

Study III Summary

Gender Differences

Healthy Coping Styles

Caveats-

Study IV- Academic Outcome 98

Graduation Outcome

Coping and Terms- Women

Disciplinary Actions

Types of Violations

Violations Over Time

Types of Decisions

Violations by Decisions

Slide 56

Disciplinary Total

Coping and Disciplinary Total- Women

Last Cumulative QPA

QPA by Terms Completed

Coping and QPA

Coping Clusters-WAYS

Coping Clusters-CTI

Clusters by Gender

Cluster 1-Lucky or Not

Cluster 2- Good Copers

Cluster 3-Self Copers

Cluster 4-Constructive

Cluster 5- Over Copers

Clusters and Stress

Clusters and Satisfaction with Life

Clusters and Self Concept

Clusters and QPA

Recommendations for Coping

Avoid These

Balance

Life After WC

Coping Continues

Potential Research Questions- Korean Context

WAYS Profile by Gender

Same thing, different order

CTI Coping by Gender

Same thing different order